Sunday, November 27, 2005

Why Don't You Celebrate Thanksgiving? An Essay

***Once again, I am having blog trouble. For the third time, new posts keep appearing under an old one. As I result, I've had to delete and re-publish them in order to keep continuity. If anyone knows how to fix this problem, I'll be in your debt. And please scroll past this post: I've written three more since this. Thanks.

I post this on the message boards---and here on the ZPT---
every year. I've added a few things this
year,as well. Have a wonderful day---whether you celebrate
Thanksgiving or not.

A disclaimer: read the warning first. If you don't, I'm not responsible
if you get offended. Hell,
I'm not responsible if you get offended either way.....

Do not read this if you will be offended by a different point of view on the Thanksgiving holiday.
I am not hereto preach to anyone and have no desire to ruin anyone's concept of the holiday
(and the quotes at the end are intended to be humorous, nothing more).
I am posting this only because I received so manyrequests to do so,
and I am personally of the belief that knowledge hidden is knowledge wasted.
Thanks in advance.


Over the last few days, I have been asked this a dozen times or more.
It happens every year.
My reply that Iam Native American only seems to confuse some of the questioners. "Well, it's
your holiday, too," I hear quite often. My answer: it is not my holiday.
And here is why.

The traditional Thanksgiving story tells that the Pilgrims, after a long and hard winter, celebrated with a
feast and invited their Indian friends. A nice story, to be sure. But not the whole story. That story is a mixture of both truth and myth. What follows, is our truth (just a note: there is another version of a Thanksgiving which has nothing to do with Pilgrims. Click here for the story of the Pequot Tribe massacre
and the feasting that the Mass. Bay Colony declared to celebrate it).

First of all, one must understand that the Pilgrims were a splinter group of the Puritans, an extremist religious
sect. They viewed themselves as the "Chosen Elect" from Revelations. They saw themselves as fighting a Holy war against Satan, and anyone who disagreed with them was their enemy. This inculded their "friends," the Natives. In fact, in the 1623 Thanksgiving sermon, they gave thanks to God for the smallpox that had nearly wiped out all of the Wampanoag Indians. They were especially thankful that the men and children had died, or the "seeds" of their nation. Not a particularly nice way to treat peoples who helped them survive that first winter in the "New" World. For without the help of the Natives, the Pilgrims would have died. Insofar as the Pilgrims were concerned, they had "repaid" that kindness with the feast, and owed the Natives nothing more. The
Natives were still their Holy enemies, to be treated as such. In fact, the Pilgrims believed that they only had to
be kind to the Natives because they were, at that time, powerful; and only needed to continue being kind until the boatloads of settlers shifted the balance of power in the Pilgrims' favor. Anyone with even a rudimentary understanding of American history realizes that that is exactly what happened.

Which leads one to a question with an ironic answer: "Why did the Natives help the Pilgrims?" Because, in their religion, one must give hospitality to any who came to them with open hands, and their religion stressed charity to the helpless. In fact, it was the Natives who brought the vast majority of the food to that first Thanksgiving feast! The Pilgrims weren't "sharing their bounty." It was the other way around.

By the time the children of that first Thanksgiving reached adulthood, the Pilgrims and their reinforcements
began to systmatically commit genocide against the Native peoples in a war known as King Phillip's War.
Many Natives were also captured and sold into slavery for the profit of the Pilgrims whom they had saved
from starvation only years before. So successful was this slave trade, in fact, that the settlers began raiding Africa to bring slaves to the "New" World.

To add insult to injury, children in schools have for generations been prompted to "re-enact" that first feast
by donning gross misrepresentations of Native ceremonial clothing and speaking in broken English in order
to pretend be the "Indians" who are "thankful" to be invited to the feast! These "costumes" and broken English stereotypes are highly offensive to Native Americans, and many schools now are discontinuing such programs
as a result, or altering them into a more tolerant program.

Many Natives celebrate a "Day Of Mourning" on Thanksgiving Day, to mourn our ancestors who were killed
for their generosity (I am not one who does this, although I respect those who do).

So, to wrap it up: in our version of the first Thanksgiving, we helped the Pilgrims survive that first horrible
winter in the "New World." We even brought a great deal of food to a feast to celebrate. Once the feast
was over, we discovered that our "friends" saw us as demons to be eradicated from the land or sold into
slavery for their profit. Shiploads upon shiploads of the "white man" came to make good on the promise to commit genocide against us. Our religious beliefs prompted us to help them; theirs promted them to kill us.
The sad irony of the myth that the Pilgrims "escaped" England because of religious persecution does not
escape us (That story is not exactly true, either. Click here for a more accurate history of the Pilgrims.).

So I cannot, in good conscience, celebrate a holiday that in my mind is a lie. I cannot celebrate the
decimation of the Native American. I cannot celebrate people who, if they had had their way, would rather
I not exist at all.

To be fair, Thanksgiving has evolved into something far beyond what the Pilgrims celebrated. Now, it means a gathering of the family, and a chance to count one's blessings. I respect those who celebrate for those reasons, and wish them a happy holiday.

I wish our side of the story was taught in schools, rather than perpetuate the myths. I wish that Thanksgiving could be a time when Americans remember and honor the Native peoples who helped them survive and made this country possible. Perhaps someday, it will.

I want to thank everyone who showed interest in this topic. It brightens my day that
so many people wanted to hear this side of the tale. Thank you.
a quote from the movie, "Addams Family Values":

"Wait, we can not break bread with you. You have taken the land which is rightfully ours. Years from now my people will be forced to live in mobile homes on reservations. Your people will wear cardigans, and drink highballs. We will sell our bracelets by the road sides, and you will play golf, and eat hot h'ors d'ourves. My people will have pain and degradation. Your people will have stick shifts. The gods of my tribe have spoken. They said do not trust the pilgrims, especially Sarah Miller. And for all of these reasons I have decided to scalp you and burn your village to the ground."

And one from the television show, "King of the Hill":

Dale: "Do your people even celebrate Thanksgiving?"
John Red Corn: "We did...once."

And finally, one from a Wampanoag Tribal member in Massachusetts, from a speech given in 1970 at a ceremony marking the 350th anniversary of the Pilgrim's arrival:

"Today is a time of celebrating for you -- a time of looking back to the first days of white people in America. But it is not a time of celebrating for me. It is with a heavy heart that I look back upon what happened to my People. When the Pilgrims arrived, we, the Wampanoags, welcomed them with open arms, little knowing that it was the beginning of the end. That before 50 years were to pass, the Wampanoag would no longer be a tribe. That we and other Indians living near the settlers would be killed by their guns or dead from diseases that we caught from them. Let us always remember, the Indian is and was just as human as the white people. Although our way of life is almost gone, we, the Wampanoags, still walk the lands of Massachusetts. What has happened cannot be changed. But today we work toward a better America, a more Indian America where people and nature once again are important."

Have a blessed day.

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